Bipolar disorder (or manic depression, as it was once called) is a brain disorder that produces drastic mood swings that move between emotional highs to emotional lows. Dr. Rubina Shakil specializes in bipolar and related disorders. She treats people from the greater Dallas-Fort Worth community at Psychiatric Associates of North Texas, PA, in Frisco, Texas.
Bipolar disorder is a condition defined by mood. People with the disorder experience extreme and intense emotional states, known as mood episodes. These episodes can be manic, hypomanic, or depressive. Mood episodes are often followed by periods of normal behavior, but the episodes themselves can greatly interfere with a person’s ability to function. Mood swings can have an impact on sleep, energy, behavior, and the ability to think clearly. For some people, mood swings happen rarely, while others may experience them multiple times a year. The main types of bipolar disorder are bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymic disorder.
Although bipolar disorder can develop at any time, it’s typically diagnosed in the teen or young adult years. As with most brain disorders, it’s difficult to know exactly what causes bipolar, but researchers suspect that certain biological differences may play a part. For instance, the brains of people with bipolar disorder undergo physical changes that don’t happen in normal brains. Genetics may also play a role, as bipolar disorder is more common in people who have a close relative with the illness. Periods of intense stress can trigger bipolar disorder, as can drug or alcohol abuse.
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition that can be managed with proper treatment. Successful treatment begins with a full psychiatric assessment designed to uncover your thoughts, feelings, and behavior patterns. Dr. Shakil may compare your symptoms with the criteria for bipolar and related disorders put forth by the American Psychiatric Association. She may also ask you to keep a daily record of your moods, sleep patterns, and other habits to help determine your diagnosis and the right course of treatment. Most bipolar treatment plans involve medications (mood stabilizers and antidepressants) and psychotherapy. Under the right treatment, most people with bipolar disorder can lead full, productive lives. If you need bipolar disorder treatment, call Dr. Shakil’s office today for a consultation.
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